Monday, February 29, 2016

Biting the Apple

A couple of my friends were talking last evening about iPhones. I heard one ask another why I hadn't talked her into an iPhone and away from a Samsung Galaxy 3, which, btw, I had recommended several years ago. I didn't hear the response. But it did get me thinking about Apple, the appeal of its products and the current controversy with the FBI.

I think Apple products hold a special appeal to people who view technology as a tool that can be used to enhance creativity. That's the market they're appealing to with many of their ads - artists, graphic artists, designers, photographers, filmmakers, musicians, writers, etc. If technology is viewed as an important tool in the creative process, you want it to work consistently. You want it to be maintained and improved on a predictable and on-going basis so that it will continue to enhance rather than distract or detract from your creative process. You don't want to have to spend valuable time worrying about technology or futzing with it. You're probably willing to pay a little more, and customer service like Apple Care and the Genius Bar is invaluable ensuring it all continues to work. At heart, it's a bit of a niche market. But I wonder. It's a comfortable world and easy to get used to. Technology just works. It took me a long time to appreciate that.

The iPhone has confused matters a bit. It's probably the logical choice for someone new to the smartphone market who knows little or nothing and doesn't want to spend a lot of time learning. IPhone is simple and pretty foolproof. But it does tend to be more expensive than its Android counterparts and not as enthusiastically marketed by cellular providers. However, I'd argue, as most don't really do much with their smartphones other than make calls, send and receive texts, take an occasional photo and perhaps check a few apps, it doesn't really make much difference which OS they use. Nor is the issue of privacy terribly important to the average person. They tend to see it in terms of location and call information. I've had several tell me you give that up when you get a smartphone anyway. You give some up when you get and use any cell phone. But the crucial question remains, does it have to be an all or nothing proposition? Shouldn't you be able to choose to keep some information secure and private without having to become a security expert?

To the creative person who uses Apple products including iPhones, privacy and security are about protecting the fruits of their imagination. Their iPhones are likely to be filled with photos, videos, notes: beginnings and continuations of ideas. Who knows what snippets might be misconstrued as having some nefarious intent when taken out of context? Therefore one can appreciate the fact that Apple, the company that provides the tools to aid the creative process, is also showing a dedication to respecting and protecting the content that is produced and stored on those iPhones. This sign of mutual respect will no doubt enhance brand loyalty in the future.

What do you think about Apple's decision to fight the FBI in the courts? Does privacy and security of your mobile devices matter to you? Do you take extra steps to encrypt or in other ways secure your device and/or data?

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Windows 10 - You Will Be Assimilated

Ran across this potentially alarming bit of news last week.

Microsoft starts pushing Windows 10 as a 'recommended' update: Microsoft is stepping up its Windows 10 push by making the OS a 'recommended' -- though not required -- update for Windows 7 and 8.1 users, beginning February 1. Mary Jo Foley

This could be good news if you've been planning to upgrade to Windows 10 and just haven't gotten around to it. But, for many of us, this is not in our plans and an upgrade that's snuck in could have disastrous consequences. For example, if you have older computers running older software. Some of this software may not be compatible with Windows 10. And if you have older peripherals like scanners or printers, they may not have Windows 10 drivers.

So, you may want to choose not to upgrade older computers at all. This makes a lot of sense particularly if you're planning on getting new computers in the next year or so and would like to keep the older ones working in the meantime. Or you may just want to upgrade on your own time schedule instead of Microsoft's. At any rate, it would probably be useful to circumvent their automatic upgrade until you're ready.

So here are some directions and screen shots for how to change your update settings in Windows 7.

From the Start Menu, choose Windows Update.

start menu windows update

Click on Change Settings from the left hand navigation barwindows update change settings


You have a couple of choices from this screen. If you have Windows Update set to Install Updates Automatically but you don't want the Windows 10 recommended update automatically installed, you can just uncheck the box that sayse Give me recommended updates the same way I receive important updates.

Or you can change how you receive all updates to download but choose whether to install or even to check for updates but decide whether to download and install.

But if you change your automatic updating procedures, do make sure you download and install Windows updates on a regular basis as there are often important security updates included.

Finally, if you DO decide to go ahead and upgrade your Windows 7 and/or Windows 8 or 8.1 computers to Windows 10, be sure to backup your hard drives first. Windows does offer a rollback. If within a month, you decided that Windows 10 is not for you, you can go back to your previous operating system. Microsoft is reportedly keeping a backup of your system for that month. Go to Settings > Update & security  > Recovery. But, it's always good to have your own backup, just in case.

Thursday, January 21, 2016

Virtual Reality to Enhance Empathy

While most of the talk about VR (Virtual Reality) seems to center around gaming, there are some interesting new uses emerging. VR for those unfamiliar with the term generally involves a headset, computer, headphones and potentially other equipment and is designed to put the user in an immersive environment. So, you can easily see how this would be appealing in video games. As I'm not an ardent gamer, up until recently, I wasn't very interested.

Late last year, the New York Times started experimenting with VR content. They sent out Google cardboard to subscribers. Google cardboard is definitely low end VR but you can put your smart phone in it, attach headphones and start to get a feel for what it's all about. In the NYTimes' case, they provided samples where you could feel like you were part of one of their stories. The first one I tried was a candle light vigil in Paris for victims of the bombing. You could look all around at participants in the vigil and hear them. It does make you feel like you're in the middle of the story. It's a different experience than just reading about it and more emotionally involving than just looking at photos. Here's a TED Talk exploring the possibilities of Virtual Reality along this line:

After January 2016 CES (used to stand for Consumer Electronic Show), I started hearing about other uses of VR including this one as reported by the Wall Street Journal: Getting Old? This High-Tech Suit Simulates Aging. Here is VR being used to give the wearer the experience of the more limited vision and movement that is common among older individuals. Might this make a younger person more empathetic toward his/her parents or grandparents?

Stanford's Virtual Human Interaction Lab is doing all kinds of fascinating research. If you'd like an introduction to VR as well as some information on VHIL's work, here's a piece from a 2013 PBS NewsHour report:

"When I think about virtual reality, I think virtual reality is like uranium: It's this really powerful thing. It can heat homes and it can destroy nations. And it's all about how we use it." Jeremy Bailenson

So, what does all this mean for librarians and educators? As I said in the Holiday 2015 Gadget Guide, it's still early days for VR. Oculus Rift is available for preorder now at $599 and is expected to ship by July 2016. The price does not include the Rift ready PC required to run it. There is a test you can run on your PC to see if it will work. Not surprisingly, my work HP laptop does not have the graphics card, memory or processing power required to run Oculus Rift. Expect to need a newer high end PC. So, Oculus Rift is probably more for enthusiastic gamers and early adopters. But you should probably start getting familiar with VR and some of its possibilities, particularly in learning environments. You can certainly check out Google cardboard. It's available in various guises and sometimes via free promotions. And we should all start thinking about how to harness the energy of this new technology for positive goals.

Monday, December 14, 2015

Fitness trackers are no good if you don't use them

I was listening to Tech News Today from December 11, 2015. One of the topics they covered was fitness tech. As I had just included some of those in my recent blog post, I was interested to hear what they had to say. The major point I came away with was, they're not going to do any good, if you don't use them. So, I think it's worth spending a few minutes looking at what might motivate you or a potential fitness tracker as gift recipient to actually use any given tech device to set and meet exercise/fitness goals. This seems important as Americans as a whole seem to be becoming more sedentary and more prone to subsequent health issues. How do we get and stay moving?

So, here are some potential questions to ask:

What would it take for you to add a fitness tracker or other device to your life on a daily basis?

  • Comfort? Some of the guests on Tech News Today complained about the first version of the Microsoft Band feeling like a shackle. That's probably not going to be something you're going to want to wear on a regular basis.
  • Where do you want to wear it? Clip on? Wrist band? Clip ons can be difficult for women who wear a lot of dresses. Where do you clip it? If you clip it on the waist band of jeans, it can fall off. But some people don't like things on their wrists or they work at jobs where a wrist band could get in the way.
  • If you are considering a wrist band, does it work with what you're wearing? That's a nice thing about smart watches with interchangeable watch bands or fitness trackers that can fit into different bands.
  • What kind of information do you want from the device? Just an idea of progress toward your goal? Do you want additional functionality? Heart rate? Time? Notifications? The more info you want or need, the more you're headed into smart watch functionality. Basics can be handled by fitness trackers.
What motivates you?
  • Do you set your own goals and stick to them? Are you self motivated?
  • Do you like awards or celebrations for meeting your goals? One of the things I really liked about Nike Fuel Band was the multi colored lights that would dance across the black band when I reached my goal. I also liked the little guy on the app who would cheer me. Fitness Tracker on Apple Watch gives you awards for meeting your weekly goals. These little motivators are enough to get me to go a little bit further than I would otherwise.
  • Do you do better with social motivation? Fitbit has a lot of users so it's generally pretty easy to put together a group where you can track each other's progress. That can be useful whether you're competitive by nature or just like to know there are others working out too.
Do you use a fitness tracker? If so, which one(s)? What do you like and/or dislike? Any thoughts or recommendations for someone looking to get started or try something different?

Friday, December 11, 2015

Holiday 2015 Gadget Guide

Okay, it's December. Time for our annual roundup of tech gadgets. I'm only highlighting the ones that I find particularly interesting. There are countless other options. You can find many of these in the review and best of links I've included.

Cell Phones

The Apple iOS vs. Google Android war continues. Some people have changed sides this past year. The Blackberry and Windows competitors have faded even more from the scene.

Apple iPhone

The latest iPhones are the 6s (starts at $649 for 16 GB) and 6s Plus ($749 for 16 GB). Yes, they come with new features. What was particularly interesting to me this year was Apple's upgrade program and attempt to distance the hardware from the carriers by offering financing directly from Apple. The prices quoted above do not require contracts with mobile carriers.You can get good deals on the previous year's models the 6 and 6 Plus.
Apple Store iPhones

Android Phones


While Samsung, LG, HTC and others continue to put out models of Android phones, this is the year when some of the most interesting models were not available in stores or from carriers. A number of these phones have customizable cases. These are all prices for unlocked phones that do not require contracts with carriers.
  • OnePlus 2 ($389 for 64 GB) may not be the flagship killer it touts itself as but it is a nice piece of hardware at a reasonable price.
  • Google Nexus 5x (starts at $329 for 16 GB) smaller model made by LG
  • Google Nexus 6p (starts at $499 for 32 GB) 6 inch phone made by Huawei. The only negative I've heard is the battery life does not measure up against iPhone 6s Plus. Other than that, it has great specs.
  • Motorola has a number of Android smartphones on the market:

Wearables

2015 was the year of the Apple watch but there were also new models and updates in Android wear and fitness bands.

Apple Watch comes in three basic flavors - Watch Sport, Watch and Watch Edition. It starts at $349 for the Sport and can go as high as $12,000. It's a watch, fitness band, notification center and can even allow you to send and receive calls and texts. You need to have an iPhone to pair with it.

Google Store seems to have a nice assortment of Android Wear. As is often the case in the Android world, I find the breadth of choices somewhat overwhelming so I couldn't presume to pick which would be the best option. Most are round which many people find preferable to square. It's hard to tell just how bulky they are from photos. I did notice that Moto G has a model for women. The nice thing about Android is that apart from hardware differences, if they're running Android wear, the software and apps should be similar across devices. These also need to be paired with a smart phone running Android 4.3 or higher but can perform many of their functions on wifi. I was interested to see that some will apparently work with iPhones as well. There is a website you can go to on your smart phone (Android or iPhone) to check and see if it's compatible with Android Wear - g.co/WearCheck. Reportedly my iPhone 6 Plus will work with a number of Android Wear watches.

PCMag's The Best Smart Watches of 2015

Fitbit now makes a wide range of devices ranging in price from $59.95 for a wireless activity tracker to $249.95 for a fitness super watch. They connect to mobile apps that run on Apple iOS, Android and Windows Phone as well as a Dashboard that runs on Windows and Mac OS. 
I had a Fitbit Force that I had to give up because it gave me a horrible rash. There are reports of similar problems with the Charge and Surge. But I used a Flex for quite some time with no ill effects. My only complaint was that the device itself offered very little information on steps or distance progress. It needs to sync with a smart phone or computer for data. Once I got the Apple Watch, it was no longer needed. But I think it can be an inexpensive way to motivate one to exercise.

Jawbone UP is the other major fitness tracker. It ranges in price from $49.99 to $129.99. The bracelets are fairly attractive. You can see the UP2 on the left. The higher priced ones include heart rate monitoring and one even pairs with Amex for payments.UP pairs with a number of different apps you can run on your Android or iOS smart phone. 
Apple iPads - Apple came out with a new iPad model this fall the iPad Pro, a 12 inch tablet that starts at $799 for 32 GB. Like the name, this is arguably meant for professionals - for artists who will enjoy the new Apple pencil at $99, those who will use it as a laptop replacement with keyboard at $169. You're easily looking at $1000. For that price you can get a Macbook. 
The iPad Air wasn't updated this year. The current iPad Air 2 starts at $499 for 16 GB. You'll want more memory than that. The iPad Mini was updated. iPad Mini 4 starts at $399 for 16 GB. You can get the earlier iPad Air at that same price.

Google Pixel C is the new top of the line Google addition to the Android tablet line. It's gotten rave reviews for the hardware. The only criticisms I've heard are about the dearth of great Android productivity apps for tablets. I've personally always found Android tablets to be less useful as laptop replacements than iPads or Google Chromebooks that start at $169. But Google Pixel C is a beautiful 10 inch tablet that starts at $499 for 32 GB. The full size keyboard sells for $149.

Microsoft Surface Pro 4 is the current top of the line tablet from Microsoft. It starts at $899 for 128GB / Intel Core m3 with 4 GB of RAM. They tend to talk in more conventional computer specs. You'll also want a keyboard starting at $129.99. It runs Windows 10.

Amazon Fire Tablets - Amazon offers 4 basic versions of tablets ranging from the Amazon Fire starting at $49.99 to the Fire HD 10 starting at $229.99 for 16 GB (on sale as of this writing for $179.99). There are pros and cons to Amazon's tablets particularly in comparison to its flagship rivals. You're probably not going to be able to use Amazon Fire as a desktop replacement or even as much of a content creation device. But they're great for consuming Amazon content. They do run a number of apps available from the Amazon app store so you can do email and other tasks on them. As long as your needs and expectations aren't high, you may find them a good value.

E-Readers

Tablets and smart phones have indeed supplanted e-readers for most as the devices of choice for reading e-books. But for those who want a dedicated e-reader there are still some out there from the usual suspects. There will no doubt be sales during and after the holidays.
  • Amazon Kindle - Amazon has 3 basic Kindle models: Kindle starting at $79.99, Kindle Paperwhite starting at $119.99 and Kindle Voyager starting at $199.99. It also sells a Kindle for Kids bundle at $99.99 which includes a cover, accident protection, no ads and some other features.
  • Barnes & Noble Nook is down to one e-reader with Android tablets occupying the rest of the line. The Nook GlowLight Plus is available at $129.99.
  • Kobo still makes EPUB e-readers. They continue to work with independent bookstores to provide alternatives. But the readers are not easy to use with library e-books as they require tethering. Still, if you're looking for options the Kobo Glo HD gets good reviews, is similar to the Paperwhite and GlowLight Plus and sells for $119.99

Streaming Devices

Amazon, Apple, Google and Roku all put out new versions of their streaming devices in 2015. Amazon and Roku offer either sticks or boxes. Amazon and Apple added voice searching to their devices this year - Alexa and Siri respectively. Google still offers the cheapest options - Google Chromecast or Google Chromecast Audio for $35/each. For that price, you don't get a remote, you use a tablet or smart phone to control your audio or video. Apple offers the most expensive, Apple TV at $149. Which device you choose will probably be determined by where you buy your content. 

Virtual Reality

Unfortunately (or fortunately, depends on how you look at it), most of the highly anticipated Virtual Reality headsets people have been talking about and eagerly anticipating over the last year or more are still in development. Some have planned release dates for early 2016. These are primarily of interest to gamers but will no doubt have other uses as well. Try not to look hopelessly geeky in any of these contraptions.

Future
  • Oculus Rift - this is the device that has created the most buzz and excitement. It has a planned release date of Q1 2016 with no information on price.
  • Sony Playstation VR is supposed to arrive sometime in 2016. No price has been set. It will work presumably with Sony Playstation 4.
  • HTC Vive was set to come out by the end of 2015. It's now been delayed until 2016 with preorders in February and commercial availability in April.
  • Microsoft Hololens is possibly more augmented than virtual reality. Right now they're gearing strictly toward developers and taking applications for the Development Edition at $3K each. Not likely to be a toy for the masses any time soon.
Now
  • Samsung Gear VR is available for purchase now for $99. It can only be used with current Samsung Galaxy phones: Galaxy Note5, Galaxy S6, Galaxy S6 edge, Galaxy S6 edge+. If you have any of those phones and are interested in VR, it can be yours.
  • Google Cardboard is my VR device. The New York Times sent me one free as a subscriber. Here's some information about NYTimes' foray into VR.  It will be interesting to see what kinds of content and uses there are for this technology in the future. It's still early days.

Personal Favorite Gadget of 2015

Amazon Echo has become one of my most used devices. You simply wake it up and ask a question: Alexa, what time is it? Alexa, what's the weather like? You get the current temperature and forecast. Alexa, what's new? You get the NPR news brief and/or any others you've set up on the app. Alexa, who won the Seahawks game? You get who played and the final score. Much better than Siri usually who just sends me on a web search. I also like that I can ask for music: Alexa, play Dave Matthews Band. I get shuffled songs from my music collection as well as anything else from Prime Music. I can also ask for genres: Alexa, play classical music. If I have books that I'm currently reading from Audible, I can pick up where I left off: Alexa, read my book. You can use it with other Internet of Things devices in your home such as WeMo to turn lights on and off. I find I use the Echo far more than I would have thought. It is more useful if you are an Amazon Prime subscriber and/or a regular Amazon customer as it has more content to access. Regularly priced at $179.99 on Amazon. It does go on sale fairly frequently.

Also Rans 

On the tech gadget list for many this Christmas: Hoverboards and Drones. I can't say I know enough about them to have any opinion other than, I wouldn't buy one. But here are some articles so you can read up if you're interested.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Windows 10: When to Update and When Not

Since Windows 10 officially launched at the end of July, I've been getting questions about updating library computers to the new operating system. My general suggestion is, wait. But let's break it down to some common situations.

Microsoft's Windows 10 Specifications

You can check and see if your computer meets these minimums by Computer - System Properties. If your computer doesn't meet these, you can stop right there. If it does, you have some decisions to make on whether or not it's worth the cost and/or will be an improvement.

Windows XP - most of the questions I'm getting are from people who are continuing to use Windows XP computers despite admonitions to upgrade or recycle when Microsoft ended Windows XP support on April 8, 2014. These are probably older machines. You're really going to want to check on hardware specifications for these. And you're going to want to consider cost. There is no free upgrade from Windows XP to 10. You're going to have to pay for it along with other new software. Chances are most of your existing Windows XP programs are not going to run on Windows 10. Generally, the choice is between sinking a considerable amount of money into old hardware that's probably nearing the end of its lifespan or just buying some new or newer computers with all new OS and other software. Most of the time, going new is going to be your better option.

Windows 7 - most of the tech pundits say that if you have Windows 7 era software and computers and they're running fine, leave them be. There's no reason to upgrade. Windows 7 is a stable platform. It's the one used by most enterprises. Why fix something that isn't broken?

Windows 8 or 8.1 - this is where most of the upgrades will most likely take place. Many users were not happy with Windows 8. Windows 10 promises to be an improvement. And this is most likely running on newer computers that you're planning on keeping for a while. So, you probably want to have the best software options to make the experience better.

So, if you have Windows 7 computers that you want to upgrade despite suggestions to the contrary and/or Windows 8.1 computers that probably should be upgraded, when should you do so? I'd wait for a while anyway for library computers.

  • First, you want to make sure that the necessary software you use on a regular basis, e.g., Workflows will run on the new OS. Also check into other software that your library patrons depend on. 
  • Second, the Windows 10 version currently in circulation does not appear to be the final product but more of a beta version. That makes it fine to use if you want to try it out on one computer so that you can see what it's like and become comfortable with it. It could pose challenges if you were to load it on all the library computers and/or an essential work computer. Some interesting bugs are being reported on a regular basis. It's best to let others work those out. Often in the past, it's been suggested that libraries wait to upgrade to a new Windows version until Service Pack 1 or 2 is released. In this rollout, they seem to be using the term Threshold for significant updates. Reportedly Threshold 2 is due to come out in November. I would certainly wait until then before considering upgrading public access computers. Hopefully, many of the bugs will be worked out and features will be functional.
Here are some of my favorite sources for Windows information:
For Montana public librarians, I, or one of the other consultants would be happy to discuss your options with you.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Pintroduction to Pinterest - BayNet 2015 at the San Francisco Public Library

Wondering how to use Pinterest in your library? Here are some great tips from a presentation at San Francisco Public Library.